A high-level cross-protocol url-grabber.
urlgrabber [OPTIONS] URL [FILE]
urlgrabber is a binary program and python module for fetching files. It is designed to be used in programs that need common (but not necessarily simple) url-fetching features.
help page specifying available options to the binary program.
ignored except for file:// urls, in which case it specifies whether urlgrab should still make a copy of the file, or simply point to the existing copy.
if it's an int, it's the bytes/second throttle limit. If it's a float, it is first multiplied by bandwidth. If throttle == 0, throttling is disabled. If None, the module-level default (which can be set with set_throttle) is used.
the nominal max bandwidth in bytes/second. If throttle is a float and bandwidth == 0, throttling is disabled. If None, the module-level default (which can be set with set_bandwidth) is used.
a tuple of the form first_byte,last_byte describing a byte range to retrieve. Either or both of the values may be specified. If first_byte is None, byte offset 0 is assumed. If last_byte is None, the last byte available is assumed. Note that both first and last_byte values are inclusive so a range of (10,11) would return the 10th and 11th bytes of the resource.
the user-agent string provide if the url is HTTP.
the number of times to retry the grab before bailing. If this is zero, it will retry forever. This was intentional... really, it was :). If this value is not supplied or is supplied but is None retrying does not occur.
a sequence of errorcodes (values of e.errno) for which it should retry. See the doc on URLGrabError for more details on this. retrycodes defaults to -1,2,4,5,6,7 if not specified explicitly.
In its simplest form, urlgrabber can be a replacement for urllib2's open, or even python's file if you're just reading:
from urlgrabber import urlopen fo = urlopen(url) data = fo.read() fo.close()
Here, the url can be http, https, ftp, or file. It's also pretty smart so if you just give it something like /tmp/foo, it will figure it out. For even more fun, you can also do:
from urlgrabber import urlopen local_filename = urlgrab(url) # grab a local copy of the file data = urlread(url) # just read the data into a string
Now, like urllib2, what's really happening here is that you're using a module-level object (called a grabber) that kind of serves as a default. That's just fine, but you might want to get your own private version for a couple of reasons:
* it's a little ugly to modify the default grabber because you have to reach into the module to do it * you could run into conflicts if different parts of the code modify the default grabber and therefore expect different behavior
Therefore, you're probably better off making your own. This also gives you lots of flexibility for later, as you'll see:
from urlgrabber.grabber import URLGrabber g = URLGrabber() data = g.urlread(url)
This is nice because you can specify options when you create the grabber. For example, let's turn on simple reget mode so that if we have part of a file, we only need to fetch the rest:
from urlgrabber.grabber import URLGrabber g = URLGrabber(reget='simple') local_filename = g.urlgrab(url)
The available options are listed in the module documentation, and can usually be specified as a default at the grabber-level or as options to the method:
from urlgrabber.grabber import URLGrabber g = URLGrabber(reget='simple') local_filename = g.urlgrab(url, filename=None, reget=None)
This manual page was written by Kevin Coyner <[email protected]> for the Debian system (but may be used by others). It borrows heavily on the documentation included in the urlgrabber module. Permission is granted to copy, distribute and/or modify this document under the terms of the GNU General Public License, Version 2 any later version published by the Free Software Foundation.
Main web site: http://linux.duke.edu/projects/urlgrabber/