256-bit 1-wire eeprom, 256-bit eeprom ibutton
14 [.]XXXXXXXXXXXX[XX][/[ application | status | memory | address | crc8 | id | locator | r_address | r_id | r_locator | type ]]
8 bytes of data. Write once, then status is 0xFC and further writing is impossible.
read-only, unsigned integer
Is the application area locked?
Application area untouched
Applcation area locked
32 bytes of data. (256 bits)
The entire 64-bit unique ID. Given as upper case hexidecimal digits (0-9A-F).
address starts with the family code
r address is the address in reverse order, which is often used in other applications and labeling.
The 8-bit error correction portion. Uses cyclic redundancy check. Computed from the preceding 56 bits of the unique ID number. Given as upper case hexidecimal digits (0-9A-F).
The 8-bit family code. Unique to each type of device. Given as upper case hexidecimal digits (0-9A-F).
The 48-bit middle portion of the unique ID number. Does not include the family code or CRC. Given as upper case hexidecimal digits (0-9A-F).
r id is the id in reverse order, which is often used in other applications and labeling.
Uses an extension of the 1-wire design from iButtonLink company that associated 1-wire physical connections with a unique 1-wire code. If the connection is behind a Link Locator the locator will show a unique 8-byte number (16 character hexidecimal) starting with family code FE.
If no Link Locator is between the device and the master, the locator field will be all FF.
r locator is the locator in reverse order.
Is the device currently present on the 1-wire bus?
Part name assigned by Dallas Semi. E.g. DS2401 Alternative packaging (iButton vs chip) will not be distiguished.
1-wire is a wiring protocol and series of devices designed and manufactured by Dallas Semiconductor, Inc. The bus is a low-power low-speed low-connector scheme where the data line can also provide power.
Each device is uniquely and unalterably numbered during manufacture. There are a wide variety of devices, including memory, sensors (humidity, temperature, voltage, contact, current), switches, timers and data loggers. More complex devices (like thermocouple sensors) can be built with these basic devices. There are also 1-wire devices that have encryption included.
The 1-wire scheme uses a single bus master and multiple slaves on the same wire. The bus master initiates all communication. The slaves can be individually discovered and addressed using their unique ID.
Bus masters come in a variety of configurations including serial, parallel, i2c, network or USB adapters.
OWFS is a suite of programs that designed to make the 1-wire bus and its devices easily accessible. The underlying priciple is to create a virtual filesystem, with the unique ID being the directory, and the individual properties of the device are represented as simple files that can be read and written.
Details of the individual slave or master design are hidden behind a consistent interface. The goal is to provide an easy set of tools for a software designer to create monitoring or control applications. There are some performance enhancements in the implementation, including data caching, parallel access to bus masters, and aggregation of device communication. Still the fundemental goal has been ease of use, flexibility and correctness rather than speed.
The DS2430A (3) is a memory 1-wire chip. It is considered obsolete and newer designs are supposed to use the DS2431 (3)
The DS1971 (3) is an iButton version of the same device.
All 1-wire devices are factory assigned a unique 64-bit address. This address is of the form:
Addressing under OWFS is in hexidecimal, of form:
where 01 is an example 8-bit family code, and 12345678ABC is an example 48 bit address.
The dot is optional, and the CRC code can included. If included, it must be correct.
owfs (1) owhttpd (1) owftpd (1) owserver (1) owdir (1) owread (1) owwrite (1) owpresent (1) owtap (1)
owfs (5) owtap (1) owmon (1)
owtcl (3) owperl (3) owcapi (3)
DS1427 (3) DS1904(3) DS1994 (3) DS2404 (3) DS2404S (3) DS2415 (3) DS2417 (3)
DS2401 (3) DS2411 (3) DS1990A (3)
DS1982 (3) DS1985 (3) DS1986 (3) DS1991 (3) DS1992 (3) DS1993 (3) DS1995 (3) DS1996 (3) DS2430A (3) DS2431 (3) DS2433 (3) DS2502 (3) DS2506 (3) DS28E04 (3) DS28EC20 (3)
DS2405 (3) DS2406 (3) DS2408 (3) DS2409 (3) DS2413 (3) DS28EA00 (3)
DS1822 (3) DS1825 (3) DS1820 (3) DS18B20 (3) DS18S20 (3) DS1920 (3) DS1921 (3) DS1821 (3) DS28EA00 (3) DS28E04 (3) EDS0064 (3) EDS0065 (3) EDS0066 (3) EDS0067 (3) EDS0068 (3) EDS0071 (3) EDS0072 (3) MAX31826 (3)
DS1922 (3) DS2438 (3) EDS0065 (3) EDS0068 (3)
DS2436 (3) DS2437 (3) DS2438 (3) DS2751 (3) DS2755 (3) DS2756 (3) DS2760 (3) DS2770 (3) DS2780 (3) DS2781 (3) DS2788 (3) DS2784 (3)
LCD (3) DS2408 (3)
DS2406 (3) TAI8570 EDS0066 (3) EDS0068 (3)
EEEF (3) DS2438 (3)
Paul Alfille ([email protected])