Creates a new communicator.
#include <mpi.h> int MPI_Comm_create(MPI_Comm comm, MPI_Group group, MPI_Comm *newcomm)
INCLUDE 'mpif.h' MPI_COMM_CREATE(COMM, GROUP, NEWCOMM, IERROR) INTEGER COMM, GROUP, NEW, IERROR
#include <mpi.h> MPI::Intercomm MPI::Intercomm::Create(const Group& group) const MPI::Intracomm MPI::Intracomm::Create(const Group& group) const
Group, which is a subset of the group of comm (handle).
New communicator (handle).
Fortran only: Error status (integer).
This function creates a new communicator newcomm with communication group defined by group and a new context. The function sets newcomm to a new communicator that spans all the processes that are in the group. It sets newcomm to MPI_COMM_NULL for processes that are not in the group.
Each process must call with a group argument that is a subgroup of the group associated with comm; this could be MPI_GROUP_EMPTY. The processes may specify different values for the group argument. If a process calls with a non-empty group, then all processes in that group must call the function with the same group as argument, that is: the same processes in the same order. Otherwise the call is erroneous.
MPI_Comm_create provides a means of making a subset of processes for the purpose of separate MIMD computation, with separate communication space. newcomm, which is created by MPI_Comm_create, can be used in subsequent calls to MPI_Comm_create (or other communicator constructors) to further subdivide a computation into parallel sub-computations. A more general service is provided by MPI_Comm_split.
Almost all MPI routines return an error value; C routines as the value of the function and Fortran routines in the last argument. C++ functions do not return errors. If the default error handler is set to MPI::ERRORS_THROW_EXCEPTIONS, then on error the C++ exception mechanism will be used to throw an MPI:Exception object.
Before the error value is returned, the current MPI error handler is called. By default, this error handler aborts the MPI job, except for I/O function errors. The error handler may be changed with MPI_Comm_set_errhandler; the predefined error handler MPI_ERRORS_RETURN may be used to cause error values to be returned. Note that MPI does not guarantee that an MPI program can continue past an error.