Convert a floating-point number to a string
char *ecvt(double number, int ndigits, int *decpt, int *sign);
char *fcvt(double number, int ndigits, int *decpt, int *sign);
Feature Test Macro Requirements for glibc (see feature_test_macros(7)):
Since glibc 2.12:
_SVID_SOURCE || (_XOPEN_SOURCE >= 500 || _XOPEN_SOURCE && _XOPEN_SOURCE_EXTENDED) && !(_POSIX_C_SOURCE >= 200112L || _XOPEN_SOURCE >= 600)
Before glibc 2.12:
_SVID_SOURCE || _XOPEN_SOURCE >= 500 || _XOPEN_SOURCE && _XOPEN_SOURCE_EXTENDED
The ecvt() function converts number to a null-terminated string of ndigits digits (where ndigits is reduced to a system-specific limit determined by the precision of a double), and returns a pointer to the string. The high-order digit is nonzero, unless number is zero. The low order digit is rounded. The string itself does not contain a decimal point; however, the position of the decimal point relative to the start of the string is stored in *decpt. A negative value for *decpt means that the decimal point is to the left of the start of the string. If the sign of number is negative, *sign is set to a nonzero value, otherwise it is set to 0. If number is zero, it is unspecified whether *decpt is 0 or 1.
The fcvt() function is identical to ecvt(), except that ndigits specifies the number of digits after the decimal point.
Both the ecvt() and fcvt() functions return a pointer to a static string containing the ASCII representation of number. The static string is overwritten by each call to ecvt() or fcvt().
The ecvt() and fcvt() functions are not thread-safe.
Not all locales use a point as the radix character ("decimal point").
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