DESCRIPTION

This man page describes the syntax of the main configuration file of masqmail. Its usual location is /etc/masqmail/masqmail.conf

The configuration consists of lines of the form

val = expression

Where val is a variable name and expression a string, which can be quoted with double quotes `"'. If the expression is on multiple lines or contains characters other than letters, digits or the characters `.', `-', `_', `/', ';', '@', ':', it must be quoted. You can use quotes inside quotes by escaping them with a backslash.

Each val has a type, which can be boolean, numeric, string or list. A boolean variable can be set with one of the values `on', `yes', and `true' or `off', `no' and `false'. List items are separated with semicolons `;'. For some values, patterns (like `*',`?') can be used. The spaces in front of and after the equal sign `=' are optional.

Most lists (exceptions: local_hosts, local_nets, listen_addresses, online_routes, and online_gets) accept files. These will be recognized by a leading slash `/'. The contents of these files will be included at the position of the file name, there can be items or other files before and after the file entry. The format of the files is different though, within these files each entry is on another line and the entries are not separated by semicolons. This makes it easy to include large lists which are common in different configuration files, so they do not have to appear in every configuration file.

Blank lines and lines starting with a hash `#' are ignored.

OPTIONS

run_as_user = boolean

If this is set, masqmail runs with the user id of the user who invoked it and never changes it. This is for debugging purposes only. If the user is not root, masqmail will not be able to listen on a port < 1024 and will not be able to deliver local mail to others than the user.

use_syslog = boolean

If this is set, masqmail uses syslogd for logging. It uses facility MAIL. You still have to set log_dir for debug files.

debug_level = n

Set the debug level. Valid values are 0 to 6, increasing it further makes no difference. Be careful if you set this as high as 5 or higher, the logs may very soon fill your hard drive.

log_dir = file

The directory where logs are stored, if syslog is not used. Debug files are always stored in this directory if debugging is enabled. /var/log/masqmail is a common value. file must be an absolute path.

mail_dir = file

The directory where local mail is stored, usually /var/spool/mail or /var/mail. file must be an absolute path.

spool_dir = file

The directory where masqmail stores its spool files (and later also other stuff). It must have a subdirectory input. Masqmail needs read and write permissions for this directory. I suggest to use /var/spool/masqmail. file must be an absolute path.

lock_dir = file

The directory where masqmail stores its lock files. Masqmail needs read and write permissions for this directory. By default it is a directory ``lock'' inside of spool_dir. file must be an absolute path.

host_name = string

This is used in different places: Masqmail identifies itself in the greeting banner on incoming connections and in the HELO/EHLO command for outgoing connections with this name, it is used in the Received: header and to qualify the sender of a locally originating message.

If the string begins with a slash `/', it it assumed that it is a filename, and the first line of this file will be used. Usually this will be `/etc/mailname' to make masqmail conform to Debian policies.

It is not used to find whether an address is local. Use local_hosts for that.

remote_port = n

The remote port number to be used. This defaults to port 25.

This option is deprecated. Use host_name in the route configuration instead. See masqmail.route(5).

local_hosts = list

A semicolon `;' separated list of hostnames which are considered local. Normally you set it to "localhost;foo;foo.bar.com" if your host has the fully qualified domain name `foo.bar.com'.

local_nets = list

A semicolon `;' separated list of hostnames which are on the `local' net. Delivery to these hosts is attempted immediately. You can use patterns with `*', e.g. "*.bar.com".

local_addresses = list

A semicolon `;' separated list of fully qualified email-addresses which are considered local although their domain name part is not in the list of local_hosts.

For example: There are two people working at your LAN: [email protected] and [email protected] But there are other persons @yourdomain which are NOT local. So you can not put yourdomain to the list of local_hosts. If person1 now wants to write to [email protected] and this mail should not leave the LAN then you can put

local_addresses = "[email protected];[email protected]"

to your masqmail.conf.

not_local_addresses = list

A semicolon `;' separated list of fully qualified email-addresses which are considered not local although their domain name part is in the list of local_hosts.

This is the opposite of the previous case. The majority of addresses of a specific domain are local. But some users are not. With this option you can easily exclude these users.

Example:

local_hosts = "localhost;myhost;mydomain.net"

not_local_addresses = "[email protected]"

listen_addresses = list

A semicolon `;' separated list of interfaces on which connections will be accepted. An interface ist defined by a hostname, optionally followed by a colon `:' and a number for the port. If this is left out, port 25 will be used.

You can set this to "localhost:25;foo:25" if your hostname is `foo'.

Note that the names are resolved to IP addresses. If your host has different names which resolve to the same IP, use only one of them, otherwise you will get an error message.

do_save_envelope_to = boolean

If this is set to true, a possibly existing Envelope-to: header in an incoming mail which is received via either pop3 or smtp will be saved as an X-Orig-Envelope-to: header.

This is useful if you retrieve mail from a pop3 server with either masqmail or fetchmail, and the server supports Envelope-to: headers, and you want to make use of those with a mail filtering tool, e.g. procmail. It cannot be preserved because masqmail sets such a header by itself.

Default is false.

do_relay = boolean

If this is set to false, mail with a return path that is not local and a destination that is also not local will not be accepted via smtp and a 550 reply will be given. Default is true.

Note that this will not protect you from spammers using open relays, but from users unable to set their address in their mail clients.

do_queue = boolean

If this is set, mail will not be delivered immediately when accepted. Same as calling masqmail with the -odq option.

online_routes.name = list

Replace name with a name to identify a connection. Set this to a filename (or a list of filenames) for the special route configuration for that connection. You will use that name to call masqmail with the -qo option every time a connection to your ISP is set up.

Example: Your ISP has the name FastNet. Then you write the following line in the main configuration:

online_routes.FastNet = "/etc/masqmail/fastnet.route"

/etc/masqmail/fastnet.route is the route configuration file, see masqmail.route(5). As soon as a link to FastNet has been set up, you call masqmail -qo FastNet. Masqmail will then read the specified file and send the mails.

connect_route.name = list

Old name for online_routes.

local_net_route = file

This is similar to online_routes.name but for the local net. Recipient addresses that are in local_nets will be routed using this route configuration. Main purpose is to define a mail server with mail_host in your local network. In simple environments this can be left unset. If unset, a default route configuration will be used.

alias_file = file

Set this to the location of your alias file. If unset, no aliasing will be done.

alias_local_caseless = boolean

If this is set, local parts in the alias file will be matched disregarding upper/lower case.

pipe_fromline = boolean

If this is set, a from line will be prepended to the output stream whenever a pipe command is called after an alias expansion. Default is false.

pipe_fromhack = boolean

If this is set, each line beginning with `From ' is replaced with `>From ' whenever a pipe command is called after an alias expansion. You probably want this if you have set pipe_fromline above. Default is false.

mbox_default = string

The default local delivery method. Can be one of mbox, mda or maildir (the latter only if maildir support is enabled at compile time). Default is mbox. You can override this for each user by using the mbox_users, mda_users, or maildir_users options (see below).

mbox_users = list

A list of users which wish delivery to an mbox style mail folder.

mda_users = list

A list of users which wish local delivery to an mda. You have to set mda (see below) as well.

maildir_users = list

A list of users which wish delivery to a qmail style maildir. The path to maildir is ~/Maildir/. The maildir will be created if it does not exist.

mda = expand string

If you want local delivery to be transferred to an mda (Mail Delivery Agent), set this to a command. The argument will be expanded on delivery time, you can use variables beginning with a dolloar sign `$', optionally enclosed in curly braces. Variables you can use are:

uid - the unique message id. This is not necessarily identical with the Message ID as given in the Message ID: header.

received_host - the host the mail was received from

ident - the ident, this is either the ident delivered by the ident protocol or the user id of the sender if the message was received locally.

return_path_local - the local part of the return path (sender).

return_path_domain - the domain part of the return path (sender).

return_path - the complete return path (sender).

rcpt_local - the local part of the recipient.

rcpt_domain - the domain part of the recipient.

rcpt - the complete recipient address.

Example:

mda="/usr/bin/procmail -Y -d ${rcpt_local}"

For the mda, as for pipe commands, a few environment variables will be set as well. See masqmail(8). To use environment variables for the mda, the dollar sign `$' has to be escaped with a backslash, otherwise they will be tried to be expanded with the internal variables.

mda_fromline = boolean

If this is set, a from line will be prepended to the output stream whenever a message is delivered to an mda. Default is false.

mda_fromhack = boolean

If this is set, each line beginning with `From ' is replaced with `>From ' whenever a message is delivered to an mda. You probably want this if you have set mda_fromline above. Default is false.

online_detect = string

Defines the method masqmail uses to detect whether there is currently an online connection. It can have the values file, pipe, or mserver.

When it is set to file, masqmail first checks for the existence of online_file (see below) and if it exists, it reads it. The content of the file should be the name of the current connection as defined with connect_route.name (trailing whitespace is removed).

When it is set to pipe, masqmail calls the executable given by the online_pipe option (see below) and reads the current online status from its standard output.

When it is set to mserver, masqmail connects to the masqdialer server using the value of mserver_iface and asks it whether a connection exists and for the name, which should be the name of the current connection as defined with connect_route.name. The mserver detection method is OBSOLETE. See mserver_iface for a note on how to replace it.

No matter how masqmail detects the online status, only messages that are accepted at online time will be delivered using the connection. The spool still has to be emptied with masqmail -qoconnection.

online_file = file

This is the name of the file checked for when masqmail determines whether it is online. The file should only exist when there is currently a connection. Create it in your ip-up script with e.g.

echo "connection-name" >/var/run/masqmail/masqmail-route

chmod 0644 /var/run/masqmail/masqmail-route

Do not forget to delete it in your ip-down script.

online_pipe = file

This is the name of the executable which will be called to determine the online status. This executable should just print the name of the current connection to the standard output and return a zero status code. masqmail assumes it is offline if the script returns with a non zero status. Simple example:

#!/bin/sh

[ -e /var/run/masqmail/masqmail-route ] || exit 1

cat /var/run/masqmail/masqmail-route

exit 0

Of course, instead of the example above you could as well use file as the online detection method, but you can do something more sophisticated.

mserver_iface = interface

This option is OBSOLETE, use

online_method=pipe

online_pipe="/usr/bin/mservdetect localhost 222"

instead.

The interface the masqdialer server is listening to. Usually this will be "localhost:224" if mserver is running on the same host as masqmail. But using this option, you can also let masqmail run on another host by setting mserver_iface to another hostname, e.g. "foo:224".

get.name = file

Replace name with a name to identify a get configuration. Set this to a filename for the get configuration. These files will be used to retrieve mail when called with the -g option.

online_gets.name = list

Replace name with a name to identify an online configuration. Set this to a filename (or a list of filenames) for the get configuration. These files will be used to retrieve mail when called with the -go option.

ident_trusted_nets = list

list is a list of networks of the form a.b.c.d/e (e.g. 192.168.1.0/24), from which the ident given by the ident protocol will be trusted, so a user can delete his mail from the queue if the ident is identical to his login name.

errmsg_file = file

Set this to a template which will be used to generate delivery failure reports. Variable parts within the template begin with a dollar sign and are identical to those which can be used as arguments for the mda command, see mda above. Additional information can be included with @failed_rcpts, @msg_headers and @msg_body, these must be at the beginning of a line and will be replaced with the list of the failed recipients, the message headers and the message body of the failed message.

Default is /usr/share/masqmail/tpl/failmsg.tpl.

warnmsg_file = file

Set this to a template which will be used to generate delivery warning reports. It uses the same mechanisms for variables as errmsg_file, see above.

Default is /usr/share/masqmail/tpl/warnmsg.tpl.

warn_intervals = list

Set this to a list of time intervals, at which delivery warnings (starting with the receiving time of the message) shall be generated.

A warning will only be generated just after an attempt to deliver the mail and if that attempt failed temporarily. So a warning may be generated after a longer time, if there was no attempt before.

Default is "1h;4h;8h;1d;2d;3d"

max_defer_time = time

This is the maximum time, in which a temporarily failed mail will be kept in the spool. When this time is exceeded, it will be handled as a delivery failure, and the message will be bounced.

The excedence of this time will only be noticed if the message was actually tried to be delivered. If, for example, the message can only be delivered when online, but you have not been online for that time, no bounce will be generated.

Default is 4d (4 days)

log_user = name

Replace name with a valid local or remote mail address.

If this option is set, then a copy of every mail, that passes through the masqmail system will also be sent to the given mail address.

For example you can feed your mails into a program like hypermail for archiving purpose by placing an appropriate pipe command in masqmail.alias

max_msg_size = bytes

This option sets the maximum size in bytes masqmail will accept for delivery. This value is advertised to the SMTP client by the `SIZE' message during SMTP session setup. Clients pretending to send, or actually send, more than bytes will get a 552 error message.

`0' means no fixed maximum size limit is in force.

Default is 0 (= unlimited).

defer_all = boolean

If set to true, masqmail replies with ``421 service temporarily unavailable'' to any SMTP request and shuts the connection down. Note: This option is for debugging purposes only.

Default: false

AUTHOR

Masqmail was written by Oliver Kurth. It is now maintained by Markus Schnalke <[email protected]>.

You will find the newest version of masqmail at http://marmaro.de/prog/masqmail/. There is also a mailing list, you will find information about it at masqmail's main site.

BUGS

Please report bugs to the mailing list.

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