php-fpm [options]


PHP is a widely-used general-purpose scripting language that is especially suited for Web development and can be embedded into HTML. This is a variant of PHP that will run in the background as a daemon, listening for CGI requests. Output is logged to /var/log/php-fpm.log.

Most options are set in the configuration file. The configuration file is /etc/php-fpm.conf. By default, php-fpm will respond to CGI requests listening on localhost http port 9000. Therefore php-fpm expects your webserver to forward all requests for '.php' files to port 9000 and you should edit your webserver configuration file appropriately.



Do not chdir to the script's directory

--php-ini path|file

-c path|file

Look for php.ini file in the directory path or use the specified file



No php.ini file will be used

--define foo[=bar]

-d foo[=bar]

Define INI entry foo with value bar


Generate extended information for debugger/profiler



This help



PHP information and configuration



Show compiled in modules



Version number --prefix path


Specify alternative prefix path (the default is /usr)

--pid file


Specify the PID file location.

--fpm-config file


Specify alternative path to FastCGI process manager configuration file (the default is /etc/php-fpm.conf)



Test FPM configuration file and exit If called twice (-tt), the configuration is dumped before exiting.



Force to run in background and ignore daemonize option from configuration file.



Force to stay in foreground and ignore daemonize option from configuration file.



Force output to stderr in nodaemonize even if stderr is not a TTY.



Allow pool to run as root (disabled by default)



The configuration file for the php-fpm daemon.


The standard php configuration file.


Once started, php-fpm then responds to several POSIX signals:

SIGINT,SIGTERM immediate termination

SIGQUIT graceful stop

SIGUSR1 re-open log file

SIGUSR2,SIGHUP graceful reload of all workers + reload of fpm conf/binary

RELATED TO php5-fpm…

The PHP-FPM website:

For a more or less complete description of PHP look here:

A nice introduction to PHP by Stig Bakken can be found here:


You can view the list of known bugs or report any new bug you found at:


PHP-FPM SAPI was written by Andrei Nigmatulin. The mailing-lists are highload-php-en (English) and highload-php-ru (Russian).

The PHP Group: Thies C. Arntzen, Stig Bakken, Andi Gutmans, Rasmus Lerdorf, Sam Ruby, Sascha Schumann, Zeev Suraski, Jim Winstead, Andrei Zmievski.

A List of active developers can be found here:

And last but not least PHP was developed with the help of a huge amount of contributors all around the world.


This manpage describes php-fpm, version 5.6.20-0+deb8u1.


Copyright © 1997-2016 The PHP Group

Copyright (c) 2007-2009, Andrei Nigmatulin

This source file is subject to version 3.01 of the PHP license, that is bundled with this package in the file LICENSE, and is available through the world-wide-web at the following url:

If you did not receive a copy of the PHP license and are unable to obtain it through the world-wide-web, please send a note to [email protected] so we can mail you a copy immediately.