Square root function
#include <math.h> double sqrt(double x); float sqrtf(float x); long double sqrtl(long double x);
Link with -lm.
Feature Test Macro Requirements for glibc (see feature_test_macros(7)):
sqrtf(), sqrtl():
_BSD_SOURCE || _SVID_SOURCE || _XOPEN_SOURCE >= 600 || _ISOC99_SOURCE || _POSIX_C_SOURCE >= 200112L;
or cc -std=c99
The sqrt() function returns the nonnegative square root of x.
On success, these functions return the square root of x.
If x is a NaN, a NaN is returned.
If x is +0 (-0), +0 (-0) is returned.
If x is positive infinity, positive infinity is returned.
If x is less than -0, a domain error occurs, and a NaN is returned.
See math_error(7) for information on how to determine whether an error has occurred when calling these functions.
The following errors can occur:
Domain error: x less than -0
errno is set to EDOM. An invalid floating-point exception (FE_INVALID) is raised.
C99, POSIX.1-2001. The variant returning double also conforms to SVr4, 4.3BSD, C89.
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